Type of document:
W3C Recommendation
RUBY annotation is a markup format for inline annotation of text. Ruby is the term used for a run of text that is associated with another run of text, referred to as the base text. Ruby text is used to provide a short annotation of the associated base text. It is most often used to provide a reading (pronunciation guide). Ruby annotations are used frequently in Japan and in China to indicate pronunciation and sometimes to indicate the meaning of a word.
Workflow stage:
1.3, 1.4
Business value:
Ruby text, encoded through RUBY annotation, is important for the language publishing industry for Chinese and Japanese. It is also used to provide interlinear translations of obscure languages, such as English translations of the original Bible. RUBY annotation is part of XHTML 1.1.
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