Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

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Council of Europe
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and in some other countries (for example the Philippines). It provides a practical tool for setting clear standards to be attained at successive stages of learning and for evaluating outcomes in an internationally comparable manner. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe. In 2001 a European Union Council Resolution recommended using the CEFR to set up systems of validation of language ability. The six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual's language proficiency.
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